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The English Apple Man


16th Oct 2015 - Next week is the 82nd Anniversary National Fruit Show

On Wednesday 21st and Thursday 22nd October the 82nd National Fruit Show will take place at The Kent County Showground at Detling, near Maidstone in Kent.

Below: Taste Panel 2014

As mid October arrives we look forward to The National Fruit Show which will be staged at The Kent County Showground at Detling near Maidstone in Kent next Wednesday and Thursday - 21st & 22nd October


With 152 entries in the top fruit classes, competition for the prestigious awards of Best in Show and Tastiest Apple will be hotly contested.


'Best' & 'Tastiest' will get the Royal Seal of Approval!


The National Fruit Show is delighted to announce that the Winning entry and the fruit judged as 'The Tastiest Apple' will be sent to Buckingham Palace for Her Majesty the Queen. This will be a huge accolade for the winning grower or growers and a brilliant opportunity to promote the wonderful fruit we grow in the UK.


The English Apple Man will be one of the judges in 'The Tastiest Apple Competition'


Below: Assistant Show Secretary - Norma Tompsett shows off the specially designed, handmade rosettes which will accompany the Best in Show/Tastiest apple to HM the Queen.



During the National Fruit Show FAST will present a selection of the 104 varieties currently being grown in their trials at Brogdale Farm.


They will also introduce, a new selection of Gala which ripens 8 days earlier than the well-known Royal Beaut.



Extreme Orcharding.....


My regular readers may remember my meeting with The Himalayan Apple Man; his son Vikram contacted me after becoming a follower of 'The English Apple Man' website. Vikram lives in England with his wife and family and while working (in a non apple related industry) takes every opportunity to research apple growing in any country he happens to visit. His Dad, Lakshman came to England in 2013 and they spent a day with me as we visited Brogdale and toured the National Fruit Collection, before joining Sheenagh Levett of FAST for a look at the trials site.


Click on The English Apple Man meets The Himalayan Apple Man


Recently Vikram told me that after they had finished apple harvest, his cousin and other members of his group called PGA decided to tour an area in the mountains across the 'highest motor-able passes on mountains in the world' and sent some dramatic pictures or human endeavour e.g. 'apple orchards' in high altitude, dry, desert like situations...........




But what inspired their visit to the more remote areas of Himachel Pradesh, to 'regions' at the extreme limits of apple production? - "the knowledge that the superior quality of apples from this region commands prices at 30 to 50% premium in India.!


Himachel Pradesh


In the lap of the great Himalayan Ranges lies this mesmerising state of Himachal Pradesh. Possessing an enviable diversity of natural beauty, Himachal Pradesh cradles snow capped mountains, snow fed rivers, dense deodar forests, cultivated terraces and apple orchards within itself. Fondly called as "Devbhumi" or land of the Gods, this land welcomes visitors to enjoy the natural splendour of Rajgarh Valley, Chail, Great Himalayan National Park and Pin Valley National Park.


A British Connection....


Shimla or Simla; which is called the Queen of hill stations in India and the town which is now the Capital of State of HImachal Pradesh has the greatest British connection. It was built by the British from scratch to escape the heat of Indian plains and later became the summer capital of British India. It is full of British architectural marvels and the superhit Channel 4 drama Indian Summers was based in Shimla.



For a peek into the past, there are historical sites like Sujanpur Tihra and Kangra Fort.


Bird watchers would love the Maharana Pratap Sagar Lake Sanctuary, which attracts multitudes of migratory ducks from the Siberian region during winter months. Himachal Pradesh has pleasant summers and cold winters with snowfall in some places. Many favoured destinations for those who wish to get away from the heat of the plains are the hill stations of Simla, Dalhousie, Kasauli, Manali and Chail.


The bottom line (extreme orcharding) is that most places on this route depend mostly on Apples. Apples are growing from 1,500 metres above sea level to 3,500 metres (11,375 feet). The Himachal Government has a research and extension orchard at Tabo at 3,400 metres, which is doing very well in the dry zone, albeit with the support of irrigation. Tabo is a small town in the Lahaul and Spiti district on the banks of the Spiti River in Himachal Pradesh, India.


The highest place growing apples was Rangrik at - 3,660 metres (11,895 feet) above sea level.


Total productions - based on UN FAO of Apples in India is about 2.2 to 2.5 million tonnes (for context same data puts UK production at 0.2 million tonnes) so roughly ten times more production but much more area under cultivation as Indian productivity is low. It varies dramatically and 30 to 50% depending upon weather conditions. As the tons/hectare is very low (country average is no more than 7 to 10 tons per hectare), the upside is massive. Himachal's share of production here is no more than 35%. Kashmir has equal area but better production per unit area. However, Himachal has lion's share of the revenue as the apples are much better e.g. Red Delicious that the consumers like, sell at much higher prices.


In 2015 (with harvest 90% complete), Himachal is expected to produce about 1.0 to 1.2 million tonnes of Apples, it is a good harvest.


Approximately 200,000 farmers are estimated to be dependent on Apples in Himachal Pradesh. It is mainly in three hilly districts of Himachal covering - 115,000 hectares; Italy by example grows (2012 data) circa 52,251 hectares of apples.


About the trip up to the highlands of India:


Four adventurous young men; Mr.Karan Dutta, Vikram's Cousin - Mr. Kunal Chauhan - Mr. Dixit Chauhan & Mr. Lokinder Singh Bisht set off on an 800 mile journey


The PGA members went on a trip from lower elevation Apple producing areas to higher altitude areas to compare and exchange practices and found excellent quality fruits growing without much chemical intervention. PGA members drove 800 miles across world's highest motorable roads to reach these magical valleys that looked like apple orchards painted on barren mountain deserts.


Over four days The PGA India members traveled;


From Shimla (2,200 metres, Capital of Himachal) to Rampur (1,500 metres), Lower Kinnaur district (2,500 metres) Lower Kinnaur to Upper Kinnaur through Nako (3,660 metres), Chango (3,000 metres) and later Tabo (3,400 metres) Tabo to Kaza (In Spiti Valley) and across to Lahaul Valley via Kunzum Pass (4,570 metres - 14,853 feet) - passing through 1,200 year old Buddhist monasteries, untouched by time. On the way went through Kibber, famed for being the highest village at 4,270 metres - 13,877 feet; across Rohtang pass (3,978 metres), into Manali Valley. From Manali to Kullu Valley and cross over Jalori Pass (3,800 metres) to Anni Valley, then back to Narkanda area (2,708 metres) and to base at Rohru (1,550 metres) via apple valleys of Baghi and Tikkar.


Not all roads on the journey were tarmac....


Below: Many roads are just stone - and - a 'mountain village'



The particular area in question is Kinnaur and Lahaul Spiti districts of Vikrams state; Himachal Pradesh. ...


The interesting bits.........


1. The only fertilizer they use is farmyard manure and similar.

2. No rain zero humidity no fungicide.

3. High altitude 9000 feet to 10500 cold nights very cold winter.. Practically zero pests and no insecticide.

4. In a nutshell nothing russetting...

5. Irrigation once a week .. Flood or drip.....

6. These areas of Himachal Pradesh remain cut off from the world for 5 months as passes (and roads) close due to snow.


The pictures of orchards Vikram sent me look like someone painted green orchards on barren landscape...


The little village Tabo up there is 10,760 feet above sea level.... most of the apple pictures are from this place.


Below: Apple orchards in the mountains - and - Red Delicious is still by far the most popular apple in India



Below: two pictures of Red Delicious and one of Golden Delicious in Himachal Pradesh




Many thanks....


Below: Gala is now being grown in Himachal Pradesh


The English Apple Man thanks Vikram for sending me details of the PGA trip and to his cousin for supplying the pictures and a fascinating look into apple production at altitudes we in the UK would only experience on a flight to an overseas holiday venue........unless you are a 'rock climbing nut' - just think, we consider apple production in England is at altitude when our farms sit at 300 feet above sea level.......


I thank the young boys for their account of the seven day exploratory trip to learn about these practices.


Thanks and admiration must go to "PGA - India" - PGA = Progressive Growers Association. They have formed a 100+ group of young farmers (mostly under 35) who have left other careers to pursue the life of an Apple grower!




Chatting with Vikram, Red Delicious is very much the number one variety; he amused me with the comment "The British influence on India, its architecture and way of life left is a lasting legacy, however as he said the 'Americans supplied the dominant apple variety - Red Delicious' - mind you I cannot imagine Cox Orange Pippin or Bramley's Seedling growing in India - "no doubt someone will tell me different" - perhaps some English Aristocrat planted some in Shimla..........








Below: Richared a Sport of Red Delicious



That is all for this week.... next week's Journal will feature The National Fruit Show and a review of Joan Morgan's (new) Book of Pears...


Take care


The English Apple Man